Latin America and the Caribbean Background & Programme

IAP Programmes

Latin America and the Caribbean Background & Programme


Capacity Building for Academies in Latin America and the Caribbean Region
Background
The InterAcademy Panel on International Issues (IAP) is an international forum that brings together academies of science worldwide to discuss issues of global concern and to promote cooperation among its members by exchanging programmes, sharing experiences and offering mutual support.

IAP members differ widely in size, prestige, range of activities and capacity to provide independent authoritative advice to their government. In general, national science academies in industrialized countries have much more capacity to perform different functions than those in developing countries. The majority of independent, merit-based academies in developing countries, particularly those in Latin America and the Caribbean Region, are for the most part small in size and have little or no capacity to fulfill their basic mission.

Furthermore, of the 139 developing countries approximately 40 have independent, merit-based science academies. In Latin America and the Caribbean Region there are some academies with this profile, but only a few are IAP Members. A stronger IAP presence in the region could play an important role not only in catalyzing scientific cooperation among academies within the region, and between them and other nations, but also in contributing to the establishment of academies where these are still not existent.

Objectives
The present project has been proposed against the above background to fulfill the following objectives:

- Promote discussions involving the presidents of Latin-American and Caribbean academies, leading scientists from countries still not holding academies and science and technology fostering agencies;

- Assist national academies in the region to strengthen their national, regional and international functions and to promote their role as independent expert advisors to governments;

- Debate the relationship between academies and the scientific community, governments and the general public;

- Assist leading scientists in the region to set up national, independent and merit-based academies where such bodies do not exist; and

- Stimulate the establishment of a cooperation network between the Latin-American and Caribbean academies.

Justification
Considering that the Brazilian Academy of Sciences will be hosting ICSU's 27th General Assembly, to be held in Rio de Janeiro in the period between the 20th and 28th of September of 2002;

Considering that Brazil has compromised itself with IAP to organize a regional meeting aiming capacity building, the strengthening of scientific cooperation and the establishment of scientific networks, endeavoring a more profound interaction among the regional scientific communities;

It has been decided to organize a workshop assembling representatives from the Latin-American and Caribbean scientific communities to discuss these issues, in the period between the 24th and 26th of September, parallel to ICSU's 27th General Assembly.

Participants
Representatives from the regional national academies;
Leading scientists from countries where there are not academies yet established;
Representatives from science and technology fostering agencies.

Tentative Programme

24 September 2002

8:30 -9:00 Opening Ceremony
9:00-9:30 Academies of the World: their distribution, structure and function (M.H.A. Hassan)
9:30-11:00 Presentation of successful experiences (US NAS, The Royal Society, Académie de Sciences, INSA)
11:00-11:30 Coffee Break
11:30-13:00 General Discussion
13:00-14:30 Lunch
14:30-17:00 The Latin American and Caribbean Experience (Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Caribbean; Chile; Costa Rica; Cuba; Mexico; Peru; Venezuela)
17:00-18:00 General Discussion

25 September 2002

The Brazilian Experience (Seminar: Science in Brazil)
Science and technology in Brazil: institutional framework.
Capacity Building
Fostering science and technology: successful experiences (FAPERJ & FAPESP)

26 September 2002

9:00-9:30 Academies and Scientific Communities
9:30-10:00 Academies and Government
10:00-10:30 Academies and the General Public
10:30-11:00 Coffee Break
11:00:11:30 Strengthening the scientific community in Latin-America and the Caribbean Region
11:30-12:30 General Discussion
12:30-14:30 Lunch
14:30-16:30 Conclusions, recommendations and follow-up action.

Draft 11/7/2002