With a population of near 3.5 million, Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt and its leading seaport, with a millenary history that, during different time periods, has been closely intertwined with that of Mediterranean countries and Western civilization.
Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C., it became one of the greatest cities of the ancient world, second only to Rome, and known for the Lighthouse, one of the World's Seven Wonders, and the Library of Alexandria, the largest library in ancient times. Its prosperity and status as major cultural and commercial hub lasted until the Middle Ages, when under the Islamic rule, it lost its primacy to Cairo.
In today’s Egypt, the city is a major trade and industrial center prospering mainly on the seaport and oil-related activities.
For more information on the city of Alexandria, see here.